Month: January 2018

Learn the Eb Major Scale on the Guitar

Okay. What we have here today is the Eb scale. This scale could be called the D # MAJ scale but that is not too common. The Eb scale is great for blues, rock, and heavy metal. Many guitarists will tune their guitars down one half step, equal to one fret, so that their guitars sound a little deaf and the strings are looser. Looser strings are great for the blues because they are easier to bend and manipulate. Blues guitar has a lot of bending in it. It's probably one of the most common techniques of the blues. Bending can be a lot of fun once you are able to bend the strings well.

The notes in the Eb MAJ scale are as follows: Eb FG Ab Bb CD Eb

Here's one common finger position where you can play it.

E | ———————————————— ———– 10-11-13 —
B | ———————————————— – 11-13 —————
G | ————————————– 10-12-13 —– ——————-
D | ————————- 10-12-13 —————— ——————-
A | ———— 10-11-13 ——————————- ——————-
E | —- 11-13 —————————————– ——————– |

Once you learn this scale position you should be able to play it up and down, frontwards and backwards. You can try playing the notes out of order and just have fun messing around with the scale. See if you can find some songs that the scale sound good when played over. You can also find many different practice track mp3's on the internet if you look around.

It takes a lot of practice to learn how to play the guitar or any instrument for that matter. Keep an eye out for other articles I write covering other scales, techniques, exercises, and theory.

Guitar Lessons With Dave Nicosia – Beginner

Source by Dave Nicosia

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Jock Itch or Herpes? Here’s How to Tell the Difference

A persistent groin itch is enough to make a sane man crazy, as part of the brain is always resisting the urge to scratch. Men with itchy, sore genitals might also be frightened of the cause of the itch, worried that the symptoms they’re experiencing might be due to something chronic, like herpes. While herpes is common, some cases of crotch itching are caused by more benign conditions, including jock itch. This article will outline the difference between herpes and jock itch and provide some penis health care tips that could help keep both conditions from causing aggravation.

Jock Itch: Causes and Symptoms

A tiny fungal spore, tinea cruris, is responsible for jock itch. Most fungus cells thrive in moist, damp conditions where light is sparse. Men who work out or otherwise engage in hot, steamy sports while wearing tight pieces of clothing create the perfect environment for this fungal infection. Symptoms can vary a bit from man to man, but most people with the infection report intense itching and pain centering on the inner thighs, buttocks or the groin.

Herpes: Causes and Symptoms

Herpes is considered a sexually transmitted disease, because contact with infected skin is necessary for the condition to take hold. Herpes can cause flu-like symptoms, including a fever and swollen lymph nodes. Those symptoms tend to appear in the days and weeks following infection, and they’re followed by an outbreak of wet-looking, incredibly itchy sores. The spots tend to stay in place for about 2 weeks, and they resolve on their own in time. An outbreak might recur at a later date, however, causing the same types of sores to reappear.

Key Differences

Jock itch can spread to the penis, but that’s not common. Instead, this rash tends to focus on the legs and the dark crevices of the body. Herpes, on the other hand, can infect the penis itself, and sores on the head of the penis are quite common. The itching symptoms caused by the two conditions can be quite similar, but the areas in which the itching takes place tend to be quite different.

The appearance of the two conditions is also strikingly different. Where jock itch tends to look a lot like a red rash, with a few tiny blisters on the edge, herpes infections look like heat blisters that are filled with fluid. When these blisters pop, they form painful, crusty sores. Jock itch doesn’t behave in this way.

Getting Better

Rashes and sores of any kind should be brought to the attention of a doctor. Medical professionals can use laboratory tests to determine exactly what is causing the itch, and they can prescribe appropriate treatments to keep that problem from spreading. Any man with an itch should put a call to the doctor at the top of his to-do list. With proper diagnosis, these self-care tips can help to speed healing.

Herpes is considered a chronic condition, because there are no specific medications that can completely eradicate the disease from a person’s body. Drugs can keep new outbreaks from taking place, but people who have herpes will need to take extra care to ensure that they don’t infect other people in the future. For men, this means using medications regularly, avoiding sex during breakouts and always wearing a condom. Applying a penis health crème can also help the skin to stay resilient and strong between outbreaks.

Jock itch, on the other hand, is far from hearty, and a few doses of antifungal cream can make the symptoms go away. By staying clean, men can ensure that the condition doesn’t come back. Quick showers after sweaty workouts can wash spores away, and following up that cleaning with a penis health crème (most experts recommend Man 1 Man Oil) can help the skin to stay soft and strong, which might provide a less hospitable environment for future infectious spores.

Source by John Dugan

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Body Language to Attract Women: How It Works

As much as you would like to believe that women are attracted to good looking or wealthy men, the reality is far removed from that in most cases. The key to approaching and attracting women is communication.

Now, by communication, we generally mean what we talk to people. Oral communication, however, is not all there is to communication. The fact is that 90% of our daily communication is through non-verbal signals or what is commonly known as body language. When you are in the company of people, there is a constant transmission of positive or negative non-verbal signals without your knowledge. That means that if you are just a bit careful, you can use body language to attract women.

The best part of using body language to attract women is that you see instant results. The moment you modify body language to attract women, you immediately become approachable. The other good thing about this is that the changes that you have to make are subtle and elusive. However, once you adopt them, they become a part of your natural style.

If you see a person engrossed in writing something, you get a signal that s / he is not to be disturbed. If you have to say something, you wait until s / he puts down the pen or stops typing. Similarly, who do you find more approachable: a person with her head down and hands locked behind her back, or one who is walking upright with her head held high?

As explained, body language is non-verbal. It is how you move, the tone of your voice, your posture and other physical expressions. A person crossing her arms across the chest sends different signals depending on the environment. Crossing arms is generally considered to be a barrier, ie a barrier between the person and others around her.

If it is cold, the crossing of arms is normally accompanied by the rubbing of palms. In a calm environment, it is a signal that a person is deeply engrossed in the topic being discussed. On the other hand, it indicates opposition in an environment where something is being debated. This should be enough to understand that body language to attract women is a powerful tool for making an impression.

If you want to attract women, your body language should exude confidence. If you are fidgety, you are sending a negative signal. A confident man has full control over his movements and walks slowly, so conveying a message that he is in control of the situation. Even while relaxing, a confident man leans back and makes himself as comfortable as possible. A shy man, on the other hand, will sit upright with folded arms as if trying to shield himself from others.

There is more to using body language to attract women apart from body postures. The absence of eye contact sends a negative signal. A nervous man or a man who is too eager to meet women or men with anxiety problems will avoid eye contact. Similarly, the tone of your voice makes a great difference. Speak slowly in a conversational tone if you want to impress women. Men who speak fast usually make embarrassing mistakes, which usually signals nervousness even if they are not in that frame of mind.

Source by Jack A Bush

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How To Find A Workers Compensation Attorney

Are you looking for a good workers compensation attorney in New Brunswick? Finding good workers comp attorney is a must if you want to get what you rightfully deserve. Injuries take place usually on the job. It is thus important that you are compensated for the financial losses caused as a result of the accident or injury.

Given are some tips which will come in handy while finding workers compensation attorney in New Brunswick:

1. Ask the Union

You can ask the local union for referral. It is OK even if you are not a part of the workers union. Such unions will recommend some good workers comp attorneys. You can also ask friends and family members who are a part of such unions. Note down the contact details and contact the attorney on your own.

2. Ask Attorney Friends and Family Members

It is better that you ask attorney friends and family members if they know colleagues in this particular field i.e. workers compensation. Lawyers usually have a good rapport with their colleagues, irrespective of the practicing field. For example: You can also ask a divorce lawyer or real estate attorney if he knows any workers compensation lawyer.

3. American Bar Association

You can also get referrals from your local chapter of American Bar Association. This is the best source to get recommendations.

4. Success Rate

Check the success rate of the attorney before arriving at a decision. Never pay any money until and unless you conduct a background check. You will certainly require the services of an expert attorney with a good track record.

5. Assess the Working Style

Meet the workers comp lawyer once before making any payment. Determine if you are comfortable with the working style of the attorney. Consider these tips and select a workers comp attorney accordingly.

Source by Alice Shown

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History Of The Guava

The early Spanish explorers of the 1500’s found Strawberry Guava, ‘Acca sellowiana O.,’ growing as a native tree in America, where they were firmly established from Mexico southward to Peru. History records that Seminole Indians were growing guava trees in Northern Florida in 1816.

Strawberry Guava, ‘Acca sellowiana O.,’ can grow into trees 25 feet tall and frequently they are planted by homeowners as a privacy hedge that is easily trimmed or grown as an untrimmed windbreak. The guava tree can be trained to single or multiple trunks by pruning and will grow into an excellent specimen plant that is covered with exotic flowers during late spring. The wood is gray in color, and the grain is very hard and dense. The leaves are small, distinctly colored flat green, making the plants easily recognized at a distance.

The guava tree or shrub is slow growing and requires the planting of two plants for cross-pollination. The tree is cold hardy to 15 degrees Fahrenheit and is salt water tolerant. Bees and hummingbirds visit the red and yellow flowers, and the pollination visits result in a heavy fruit set.

The guava fruit is classified as a berry by most botanists, and it occurs in clusters with individual berries in sizes just under one inch. Each guava berry is covered by a rough rind and the pulp inside occurs in colors of white, pink, or red.

The guava tree grows best in partial shade in acidic soils. The plants are virtually disease free, and the fruit is usually harvested by shaking off the mature guavas when the color change occurs, then, they are collected onto sheets or tarps. The fruit will keep well in a refrigerator up to a week and can be peeled and eaten as fresh fruit, as a dessert, or in salads. If the fruit is dipped into diluted lemon juice, the color of the pulp will remain bright.

The fruit is commercially made into puddings, pies, juices, and jellies, and is a rich source of Vitamin A and C, as well as many beneficial minerals. The guava is grown commercially in Florida and California, and in many southern forests the shrub has become naturalized and mistaken as a native historical plant

“Guavaween” is a traditional central Florida event and fund raiser that is held every year to celebrate the advent of the guava corresponding to parades and festivals that are scheduled near Halloween at holidays Ybor City, Florida, an outskirt of Tampa, Florida. This “Guavaween” event is celebrated during the last of October each year.

There are many kinds of guavas; one tropical guava, ‘Psidium guajava L.,’ is an important crop in Hawaii, with fruit production exceeding 15 million pounds per year. These guava fruits are technically considered to be berries, and the trees grow in the wild on the island of Kuawai as a native plant. Before harvesting, the plants are vigorously pruned, fertilized, and irrigated. Fresh vigorous shoots grow in response to the pruning, and the delicious fruit forms within the flowers that mature on the new wood to form guavas and require about seven months to fully develop.

Most travelers to Florida last century will remember the many tourist stops on U.S. Highway #1 and U.S. 41 that have now been transformed into interstate highways I-1 and I-75. Tourist shops such as “Stuckeys” were loaded with souvenirs such as pecan logs. One of the most memorable items displayed for sale was guava jelly, jam, paste, or any other conceivable product that involved the use of the magical fruit of the guava tree. All these little jars of jelly and other guava products were visually stunning to the eye, revealing their contents in colors of mint green, red, yellow, and blue.

Source by Patrick Malcolm

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A Brief History of New Zealand

Apart from being considered one of the most beautiful countries in the world, New Zealand also also has the distinction of being one of the youngest. It was the last major land mass to be discovered by Europeans, and today, this fascinating and unspoiled country offers many reminders of its Maori and Colonial history.

The earliest known settlers in the two islands were the seafaring Maori, who arrived sometime between 1000 and 1300 AD, although some evidence suggests they were there earlier. The Maoris named the new land Aotearoa, meaning "Land of the Long White Cloud", a name that still seems appropriate today.

The Maoris survived by hunting and farming and later by trading with the European settlers. Today, New Zealand boasts several places where you can still experience several fascinating glimpses into the Maori's way of life and Maori culture is still an important part of what has become an increasingly multicultural society.

The Maoris were skilled fishermen, as well as expert sailors. One of their traditions was to throw back the first fish caught as a way of thanking the sea god for the catch – a tradition that continues today. They were also adept at hunting the world's largest bird, the Moa, and harvesting and eating vegetables and potatoes.

One of the best places to gain an insight into their culture is the Maori village at Tamaki, which offers the chance to watch traditional singing, dancing and to purchase hand made crafts. The highlight of your visit may be the opportunity to sample a typical Maori meal, prepared the same way as it has been for centuries – cooked for several hours on hot stones buried under the ground.

The Dutch were the first Europeans to discover the two islands, naming them Nieuw Zeeland, after the Dutch province of the same name. The explorer Abel Tasman first sighted the land in 1642 – although the first visit was not a success as there was fighting between the Maoris and the Dutch. Tasman later named the bay where he had anchored "Murderer's bay".

The Maoris were left in peace for the next hundred years until the British explorer Captain James Cook arrived in the 18th century. Cook's group had their misfortunes too – Maori warriors killed and ate nine members of the ship's crew. New Zealand could just as easily have become a French colony – by coincidence, a French ship was exploring the area at the same time although ship ship sighted the other.

From the late 1790s onwards, the north coast of the North Island became a busy place, as traders, whaling ships and missionsaries established settlements there. The settlers traded weapons with the Maoris – often trading muskets for fruit or pigs. This led to the tribes fighting amongst them – a bloody period in New Zealand's history that has become known as the "Musket Wars".

The British signed a treaty to colonize the islands in February, 1840 – the Treaty of Waitangi. While most Maoris were agreeable to this, not every tribe was amenable and this led to more fighting – a period known as the New Zealand Wars. One skirmish was triggered off by the Maoris repeatedly cutting down the ceremonial British flagpole in the settlement at Kororareka.

The following year New Zealand officially became a British colony and the New Zealand Constitution Act was established in 1852. The islands saw a further increase in immigrants, not only from the UK, but from other parts of Europe and the US as well. And the late 19th century also saw the beginning of immigration from China, with men arriving to work in the gold mines.

During the 1890s, New Zealand's economy, which had previously relied mainly on trading and wool, was boosted by the increased export of frozen meat to Britain. The invention of refrigeration suddenly made it possible to keep meat cold for the duration of the long sea crossing – New Zealand would remain a key player in the refrigerated meat business until the 1970s.

New Zealand declared independence from the UK in 1907, although the country remained a part of the British Empire and New Zealanders cooked along the British in both world wars. A period of cooperation with the United States led to the signing of the ANZUS treaty in 1951, guaranteeing that New Zealand, Australia and America would assist each other if any of the countries were to be invaded.

Today, New Zealand is an independent nation within the British Commonwealth and still retains strong bonds with Britain. The British Union Jack appears on the country's flag and an image of the Queen can still be seen on some banknotes. People from all over the world visit this remote nation to experience its history and a taste of its unique culture.

Source by Craig Elliot

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Recover Lost Restaurant And Bar Profits By Collecting The Right Tax With "Smart Tax"

The History of Inclusive Sales Tax

Inclusive sales tax has been around since the creation of the sales tax. It is simply selling the item with tax included in the price. This is very popular in European countries and Canada. In the United States it is most popular in bars and for admission to movie theaters and theme parks.

For the purposes of calculating the sales total and change due this makes perfect sense. In operations such as bars, this is a perfect application for inclusive tax. Charge a rounded up price for the drink and include the tax in the price. The sale is easily tallied and change given without much need for small change.

To compute the actual price of the item a calculation must be made that will mathematically remove the tax from the total price charged. For example, if you sell an item for $ 3.00 with tax included in the price and the tax rate in 6% you must then $ 3.00 by 1.06 to separate the tax from the actual selling price of the item. In this case the item sold for $ 2.83 and the tax collected is $ .17. If the tax rate was 7% then the selling price would be $ 2.80 and the tax collected would be $ .20.

The Need to Accurately Collect Sales Tax

The need for special tax calculations arises when you sell an item in the restaurant where the tax is added onto the sale but the same item in the bar has the tax included. If you sell a drink from the bar in the restaurant sales tax will be added to the check presented to the customer. The same drink served in the bar will have the tax included in the price. As the restaurant or bar owner, you are suffering the loss of the sales tax for every drink served in the bar area. In essence, if you have a 7% tax rate you are suffering a 7% loss on all sales at your bar.

People have become accustomed to paying tax in a restaurant. They seriously look at the tax line anymore. They look down the items on the check and then the total. Most often if the bill looks close they pay without any attention being paid to the tax line.

The way we look at this situation is simple. A $ 3.00 drink in the bar includes the sales tax. The same drink in the restaurant is charged $ .21 sales tax, assuming a 7% tax rate. In the restaurant the customer pays the sales tax. In the bar the restaurant / bar owner pays the sales tax.

Therefore, the need for a smarter way of calculating sales tax for bar sales.

The Solution for Collecting the Right Tax

The Smart Tax feature in some point of sale systems does all the work for you. No server or bartender intervention or decision making is necessary.

When a drink is rung up at the bar the tax is assumed to be inclusive. This is no different from what you are probably doing now. A $ 3.00 drink simply rings up as $ 3.00.

However, if a food item is added to the tab or ticket then the software changes the tax status for the entire ticket to be tax exclusive and the drinks now have tax added to their total.

Your customer is simply being charged the same price as your restaurant customer, nothing more. Instead of the restaurant or bar owner paying the sales tax the customer is now paying the sales tax.

Is this legal? Absolutely! You are charging the same price in the restaurant. Why not collect the tax the same way? Your bar customer is paying the same amount as a customer in the restaurant. You are not taking advantage of them. You are simply putting them on a equal plain with every other restaurant customer.

Worried about the "Tax Man"? Do not. You are actually collecting a few pennies more with a Smart Tax sale than you would using the inclusive tax method of collecting sales tax.

The Benefit of Collecting the Right Tax To You

Let's look at a couple of sales and how they would add up differently using the Smart Tax feature.

  • Bar Sale .
  • Drink $ 3.00
  • Drink $ 3.00
  • Food $ 4.00
  • 7% Sales Tax $ .28
  • Total Sale $ 10.28
  • Restaurant Sale
  • Drink $ 3.00
  • Drink $ 3.00
  • Food Item $ 4.00
  • 7% Sales Tax $ .70
  • Total Sale $ 10.70

The difference between these 2 sales appears to be only the $ .42 in sales tax. However, most people forget that there is tax to be paid from the bar sale as well. The $ .28 sales tax paid by the customer must be added to another $ .40 that is paid by the restaurant / bar owner on the 2 drinks sold. This is nothing more than a reduction in the profits of your business to pay the sales tax for your customer.

With Smart Tax the customer pays the sales tax on bar sales with food items. Your profits are yours and not the government's.

In a bar operation doing as little as $ 250 per day the monthly savings from this feature could be as much as $ 525 per month. Imagine what yours could be!

Source by Jerry Wilson

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Types of Shirts Every Man Should Own

Building up a nice wardrobe is important so you have something to wear for any occasion. Of course, the men's shirt is definitely going to be a staple of your wardrobe, but you'll find that there are many types of shirts available. Wondering what types you should own? Here is a look at some you definitely should add to your wardrobe.

Solid Dress Shirts

One type of men's shirt that every man should have as a part of his wardrobe is a solid dress shirt. You should have several dress shirts in solid colors, such as white or blue. These shirts are for more formal events or they may be worn to work. Often they are worn with sports coats or suits as well.

Patterned Dress Shirts

Once you have a few solid dress shirts in your closet, patterned dress shirts should definitely be added to your closet. Go with simple patterns, such as a nice stripe or check. However, this type of men's shirt should be kept simple. You do not want any patterns that are too complicated or you'll have a tougher time pairing them up with slacks in your wardrobe.

Polo Shirts

Every man should definitely have a few polo shirts to wear as well. Often this type of men's shirt can be dressed up or dressed down, depending on the occasion. With nice slacks these shirts can look nice, especially if you tuck them in. Of course, when worn untucked with more casual pants, you can go with a more casual look as well. This is why polos are such a great option – they are very versatile.

Comfortable T-Shirts

Of course, you should have a few comfortable t-shirts in the closet as well. While they have no place at work, this type of men's shirt is great for relaxation purposes or days where you're hanging out or playing sports. They are comfortable and you can find some stylish options in tees today. If you do want to wear a t-shirt to a more dressy setting, consider the men's polo shirt mentioned above.

You have many different styles of shirts to choose from today. Solid and pattered shirts, polos and tees are all options for you to choose from. However, these are the basic options you should definitely have as a part of your wardrobe. Whether the occasion is dressy, casual, or active, you'll have something nice to wear.

Source by Joshua Fink

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Top Dieting Secrets

In this article, we shall be examining the top diet tips that have been recommended by a lot of top dieticians to help us get and stay healthy and fit.

These tips include the following:

Secret 1- Do not drink more than one diet soda per day

Even though diet soda contains fewer calories than regular soda, it is still advisable to still limit the consumption of diet soda to just one drink per day. It is recommended that you should drink mostly plain water to rehydrate your body and quench your thirst if you want to become slim and fit.

Secret 2- Eat pizza at night

If you can eat pizza that is topped with vegetables instead of fatty meats, especially if the pizza also contains whole grain pizza crust, you will be supplying your body with a nutritious and fibre rich meal. You can also add extra pizza sauce which is very rich in phytochemicals that are present in tomatoes.

Secret 3- Do not eat breakfast cereals that contain less than 3 grams of fiber

Most cereals that contain more than 3 grains of fiber have low sugar content.

Secret 4- Increase your protein intake

It is advisable that you make proteins part of your every main meal. You can consume whey, soy, or egg white proteins as meal replacement smoothies.

Secret 5- Eat lots of vegetables and fruits

Try to add at least one vegetable and one fruit to all your major meals. You can also eat fruits and vegetables as snacks that you eat in between your major meals.

Secret 6- Limit your alcohol consumption

Alcohol contains lots of calories that are readily converted into visceral body fat so it advisable to stop or limit your consumption of alcohol. If you want to continue to consume alcohol, you should limit your consumption to just one drink per day only on Friday and Saturday nights.

Secret 7- Take a good drink after dinner

If you top your dinner with a hot cup of low sugar tea or a cup of decaf latte, you will suppress your desert cravings thus helping you to avoid eating cookies before you go to bed. If you can drink a low calorie or a no calorie beverage about one to two hours after dinner it will also help you to forget about munching cookies.

Secret 8-Eat nutritious snacks before dinner

You can make vegetable and fruit snacks that you can eat before dinner is ready. If you take these nutritious snacks, you will not be tempted to eat other sugar laden and less nutritious snacks before dinner.

By the way, are you interested in discovering more useful dieting information that you can use to shed off excess body weight?

Source by Barry T John

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Business Traveler Flying to London? A London City Guide for Getting to the Center

London. The vibrant, beating heart of the United Kingdom. It's one of the world's most popular destinations for tourists, and for business travelers too. The amount of commerce that goes through London is staggering, with a financial center second only to New York, and service industries that cater for both the UK, European and international markets. As the world's most multicultural city – there are over 300 languages ​​spoken by a population of over eight million people (twelve million if you include the metropolitan area) – the opportunities for business are clear.

With the UK strategically positioned for the business traveler on the western edge of Europe, London is a global hub for air travel, providing easy access to mainland Europe, and a stepping stone to the United States. Primarily served by five airports – Heathrow, Gatwick, City, Stansted and Luton – London is easily reached from anywhere in the world. But with the exception of London City Airport – smallest of the five and located in East London, close to the business district of Canary Wharf – the other four airports are satellites even scattered around the city. The most popular, Heathrow, is located to the west of London; Gatwick is located to the south; Stansted to the north east; and Luton to the North West. Knowing this before you make your travel plans can be useful. Since the greater metropolitan area of ​​London covers over 1,000 square miles, your final business destination may not be right in the center. Researching which airport is closest to your destination can save you time, effort and money.

However, whenever you're a business traveler flying from within the UK or from overseas, your starting destination may often determine the airport you arrive at. Other factors, such as your chosen time of travel, budget and availability will also make a difference. For example, if you're traveling with a major international carrier from a major city, such as New York, the chances are you'll arrive at Heathrow or Gatwick (Stansted also receives flights from New York but is the smallest of the three) . If you're traveling locally from within the UK with a budget carrier you're more likely to arrive at Stansted or Luton (though not exclusively). And if you're traveling from a major European city, particularly a financial capital, such as Frankfurt, London City Airport is a relatively arrival point (the airport was specifically created to cater for short haul business travelers, particularly between financial centers).

Each airport is served by comprehensive rail and road infrastructure, providing business travelers with a variety of options to enter London. All five airports offer direct rail travel into the heart of Central London, coach travel to the main Victoria terminus, and hire car, mini-bus, licensed black cab and taxi services by road. If you're a VIP business traveler, chauffeur services are also available, and with the exception of London City Airport, each also offer direct helicopter transfer into the heart of the city.

London Heathrow Airport

The busiest of the five airports is London Heathrow. Located less than twenty miles from central London, Heathrow is situated to the west of the city within the M25 motorway metropolitan boundary. The fastest route into London is via the Heathrow Express train service, taking just 15 minutes from terminals 1, 2 and 3 to Paddington station (located on the western side of Central London). If your flight arrives at either terminal 4 or 5 it's a further four and six minutes travel time accordingly, and you'll need to transfer on to the main London-bound service at terminals 1, 2 and 3.

The service is excellent, offering comfort and convenience, but does not always suite everyone's travel budget. The standard 'Express' single journey ticket costs £ 21.00 (€ 25.00 / $ 35.00), but business travelers can get better value when purchasing a return ticket, priced at £ 34.00 (€ 40.00 / $ 56.00). The 'Business First' ticket is more expensive, with singles costing £ 29.00 (€ 35.00 / $ 48.00) and returns £ 52.00 (€ 62.00 / $ 86.00), but it does benefit business travelers significantly more leg room, the privacy of a 'single seating 'layout, and a fold out table. The experience is akin to that of air travel. All passengers across both pricing structures enjoy access to electrical sockets, USB ports and free Wi-Fi. The overall quality of service and passenger experience generates a 'wow' factor, and if your budget can afford it, it is certainly the smoothest, quickest and most convenient way to travel into London from Heathrow. Trains run regularly every fifteen minutes in both directions, particularly useful for last minute dashes to the airport.

There are two further rail options available to business travelers, both considerably less expensive, although this is reflected in the quality of service. That's not to say either is not a good solution for business travelers, just that there is a noticeable difference in convenience and comfort.

With a service typically running every thirty minutes, and a journey duration – depending on the time of day – of between 23 and 27 minutes from terminals 1, 2 and 3, Heathrow Connect is more than adequate for business travelers who are not in a hurry . Like the rival Express service, Connect also arrives at Paddington station, but unlike its faster rival stops at up to five other stations before reaching its terminus. The 'inconvenience' of this less direct journey is compensated for by a considerably less expensive ticket price. Single journey's cost £ 9.90 (€ 12.00 / $ 16.00) while a return is £ 19.80 (€ 24.00 / $ 32.00). There is no saving to be made from purchasing a return ticket. While the convenience and comfort of the traveller experience can not match the Express, the Connect business travel solution is an acceptable compromise that suits a greater number of travel budgets.

The third – and least expensive – rail option is the London Underground 'tube' network. After the network's name the majority of the journey from Heathrow is overground, until the business traveler nears Central London. Starting on the Piccadilly Line, the service connotes all five Heathrow terminals and provides frequent trains into London, stopping at a reasonable amount of emerging stations before arriving in the capital's center. This continuously 'interrupted' journey – there are seventeen stops between Heathrow terminals 1, 2 and 3 and Paddington Tube station (the nearest equivalent tube terminus for a fair comparison) – and takes approximately fifty minutes journey time on average, probably slower than its more direct rivals. This journey comparison also requires the inconvenience of a transfer between lines.

So why would the business traveler consider using the tube from Heathrow to Central London? Simple. The frequency of service, the array of destinations, and the cost. At a cash price of just £ 5.70 (€ 6.80 / $ 9.50) for a single journey in either direction during peak hours (06:30 am to 09:30 am), financially the underground is an attractive option. At nearly half the price of the Heathrow Connect, and at just over a quarter of the price of the Heathrow Express, this service is comparatively good value for money. Further value can be found if the business traveler buys an 'Oyster Card', the 'cashless' electronic ticketing system recognized by so many Londoners. Available to purchase at Heathrow London Underground stations, this useful option allows you to get tickets cheaper than for cash – in this case a reduction to just £ 5.00 (€ 6.00 / $ 8.30). Off-peak travel with an Oyster Card offers even greater value, with Heathrow to Paddington in either direction costing just £ 3.00 (€ 3.60 / $ 5.00) per journey. The Oyster Card can also be used for unlimited travel on buses and trains through London, with a maximum daily spend capped at £ 17.00 (peak time and just £ 8.90) off-peak for a six (£ 20.00 / $ 28.00) zone ticket (destinations across London are divided into six main zonal rings. Traveling from Heathrow to Central London crosses all six zones).

The Underground is primarily a city-wide mass transit system, rather than a 'train' service. As such the level of comfort and convenience is substantially less than that of both the Heathrow Express and Connect services, and at peak hours can be considered uncomfortable. Having endured a recent flight, business travelers who choose this option run the risk of having to stand up the entire journey if traveling during peak hours. If the carriage is full to squeezing point (as is often the case at peak time) managing your luggage can be a challenge. It should also be noted that the tube network – which, as the world's first urban mass-transit system is over 150 years old – is often prone to signal failures and delays. If the time between your arrival at Heathrow (do not forget to factor in clearing immigration control, luggage collection and customs) and your business appointment is tight, particularly during peak hours, it is not unfair to say that you are taking a risk if you choose to use the Underground.

Compared to using rail, traveling by road into Central London is far less convenient. Like every major city around the world, traffic congestion plagues the streets of London. The M4 and A4 route from Heathrow into London is always busy and in parts can be slow moving at times. No matter what your method of road transport, the business traveler is vulnerable to the risk of delays and accidents.

Buses and coaches are plentiful. The dominant carrier is called National Express. They operate services between Heathrow Airport and London Victoria, the main coach terminus in London. From here travelers can travel to many other destinations around the UK. The coaches run from Heathrow Airport Central Bus Station, which is located between terminals 1, 2 and 3. Its well sign posted so easily found. If you're arriving at terminals 4 or 5 you'll need to first take the Heathrow Connect train to the central bus station. From Victoria Station you can get to any other part of London with ease, via the Underground, plentiful buses, local trains and licensed black cabs / minicab taxi services.

A single journey tickets start from £ 6.00 (€ 7.20 / $ 10.00), while returns cost £ 11.00 (€ 13.20 / $ 18.00). Although you can purchase your ticket at Heathrow, it is advisable to do so in advance, and online. This will ensure you have a guaranteed, reserved seat on your coach of choice, and also provide you with the opportunity to select a time of departure and / or return that best suits your needs. Typically this service runs three coaches per hour to and from London Victoria coach station. The journey time can vary, dependent on the route taken, the time of day and traffic conditions, but you can typically expect your journey to take between 40 and 90 minutes.

National Express also offers business travelers a Heathrow hotel transfer service to and from the airport, known as the Heathrow Hoppa. With hundreds of services each day running around the clock, it's a clean, comfortable and affordable way to get about, costing £ 4.00 (€ 4.80 / $ 6.60) for single journey and £ 7.00 (€ 8.40 / $ 11.50) for a return journey. This service is particularly useful if your business appointment is located close to Heathrow and you have no need to travel into Central London.

An alternative to coach travel is taking a bus. This can be particularly useful if you arrive at Heathrow late at night. Depending on the day of the week, the N9 night bus runs approximately every 20 minutes to Trafalgar Square in Central London, from 11.30pm to 5am. The journey time is approximately 75 minutes, subject to traffic offers. It's a very affordable service, and as part of the Transport for London infrastructure a single journey can be paid for an Oyster Card (£ 1.40 (€ 1.70 / $ 2.30) or by cash (£ 2.40 (€ 2.90 / $ 4.00).

If your journey into London requires the freedom to choose to travel whenever you want, to wherever you want, or you simply require privacy, then private hire transport is available available at Heathrow. If you're just interested in getting from A to B and back again, without any other journeys in between, taking a licensed black cab or minicab taxi may suit your needs. Traveling in an iconic licensed black cab into Central London will take approximately 45-60 minutes, subject to traffic delays, and can typically cost between £ 50.00 (€ 60.00 / $ 83.00) and £ 80.00 (€ 96.00 / $ 132.00). If you do find yourself delayed in traffic the journey will cost more, since black cab meters also charge for waiting time when not moving. Black cabs are available available at all hours, and good sign posting at Heathrow means they're easy to find. At a squeeze up to five business travelers can be accommodated, though if you all have large luggage it will be a problem.

An alternative private hire to black cabs are licensed taxi services. This could be a better option for the business traveler, particularly if a number of people with luggage are traveling together. An array of vehicle types are available, ranging from standard 4/5 seater saloon and 6/7 passenger people carrier cars, up to 15 or 17 seater minibuses and even coach taxis. An added advantage is you can book your vehicle of choice in advance and at a fixed price. With so many different companies offering these services, prices – and quality of service – can vary, but typically for a single journey the business traveler can expect to pay a fixed, advance price of £ 40.00 (a $ 48.00 / $ 66.00) for a saloon car ; £ 50.00 (€ 60.00 / $ 83.00) for an estate car; £ 55.00 (€ 66.00 / $ 90.00) for an executive car; £ 55.00 (€ 66.00 / $ 90.00) for a people carrier; £ 65.00 (€ 78.00 / $ 108.00) for an 8 seater minibus; £ 80.00 (€ 96.00 / $ 132.00) for an executive people carrier; and £ 165.00 (€ 198.00 / $ 272.00) for a 16 seater minibus. Savings can be made on all tariffs if a return journey is booked in advance.

Traveling by black cab or licensed tax affords the business traveler the freedom to travel at his or her own pace, and can take the hassle out of a journey. It can be a very relaxing way to commute from the airport into London, particularly after a long flight, and the business traveler offers an opportunity to unwind prior to their business appointment.

If you need to arrange senior executive or VIP transportation, chauffeur driven services are available available (booked in advance) between Heathrow and London. The vehicle type and the length of time you require it for will dictate the price you'll pay. Chauffeur driven services are available available to find online. The same is true of helicopter charter services which can transfer the executive business traveler from Heathrow into Central London (Battersea Heliport) in approximately 15 minutes. Flightline Travel Management is experienced at providing our customers with both modes of transport, and we're happy to take your inquiry.

© Copyright Flightline Travel Management Ltd. All rights reserved.

All prices correct at time of publication.

Source by Tina G.

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