Month: August 2017

Cat Labor Signs – 7 Ways To Tell That Your Cat is About to Give Birth

So your cat has been pregnant for awhile now and been getting rounder and rounder. Suddenly, her whole demeanour changes and you’re standing there, wondering if this is really it — is your cat in labour?

Are her kittens coming?

How can you tell?

Just what are the signs of labour you should be looking out for?

Cat lovers the world over do their very best to make sure that their beloved pets receive the best care possible.

But when our feline friends become ill — or in this case, are due to give birth to kittens — we begin to feel very anxious and out of control as we realise that we simply don’t know enough about the situation.

After all, we can’t all be vets! You need to know what to look out for and you need to know fast.

Your cat is due to go into labour around the 64th day of her pregnancy, although it is very unlikely that you will be able to be that accurate in your calculations. Instead, you will have to rely on your ability to read the signs of the stages of pregnancy and of her impending labour.

Firstly, you are likely to have noticed that your cat’s appetite will have almost doubled in the past few weeks and you will be able to see her kittens moving around in her abdomen quite clearly.

Also, she will have been displaying nesting behaviour — looking for a safe, warm and quiet place in which to give birth. Hopefully, you will have already provided a suitable nesting box for her to use, otherwise you may find that she has chosen to give birth in the middle of your bed!

Then, as your cat nears the start of her labour, her appetite will reduce dramatically. It may even disappear completely.

A further sign of your cat’s labour is that she may become particularly clingy and want to be around you constantly, seeking your affection.

As she gets closer to the time that her labour begins in earnest, you may find that your cat starts pacing about, appearing nervous or particularly excitable.

Another very distinct sign that your cat is very close to going into labour is that she will begin to ‘call’ to you. Even if you have never been present when a cat is giving birth, you won’t be able to mistake this particular sound!

As the time approaches, you will see your cat repeatedly licking her bottom as she reacts to changing sensations in her body as it prepares for the birth of her kittens.

And finally, when your soon–to–be mother cat starts to feel the first twinges of her labour, she will appear to be uneasy and will repeatedly go in and out of her nesting box, ‘treading’ on the nesting material that you have already provided.

When you see this last behaviour, you can be quite sure that your lovely cat is entering the first stage of the birth process — your cat’s labour has begun.

In conclusion then, when you find yourself faced with a heavily pregnant cat and are wondering just when things will start to get moving, the foregoing, seven signs will give you a good guide to follow.

But do yourself a favour, the hard work doesn’t stop there — for you or your cat. Learn just what you need to know to help her through the actual birth process and how you can best care for your cute, newborn kittens by visiting the link in the box below.

© Jane Tompsett 2007



Source by Jane Tompsett

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Cow Birthing – Preparing for Labor and Birth

Cow birthing–or “calving,” as it is primarily known as–can be an anxious and highly anticipated time for any farm or ranch, large or small, especially one where calving season is defined, or if you have a small herd of only one to five cows in your care. One thing that should be stressed when dealing with calving out cows is to be patient. Waiting for a cow or heifer to calve is just like watching for a pot of water to boil.

A cow or heifer’s gestation period–another word for length of pregnancy–is around 285 days long. During that time, from the point where the sperm from the bull penetrates and fuses with the ovum or egg of the cow, initiating cell division into a blastocyst then to an embryo which grows into a calf fetus, the living being inside the uterus of the cow is constantly growing and developing until it reaches a point where it cannot grow anymore because the uterus of the cow can only stretch so far. It is at that point where the labour of the cow begins. Little to many know that it is actually the offspring inside the mother’s womb that is responsible for the initiation of the onset of labour, not the mother herself. Stress signals from the calf travel through the umbilical cord to the placenta all the way to the cow’s brain and ovaries where different chemicals and hormones are released to ready for the birth of the calf, from the release of the cervical plug, to the initial uterine contractions to get the calf into the normal position for birthing. The first stages of calving occur in a cow hours before the actual event of calving takes place. This is where you need to keep an eye out for signs that calving is imminent.

What are the signs to look for in a cow or heifer about to calve?

Her udder may initially start filling out with colostrum–the first milk for a calf–but the teats themselves may not become engorged until birth is quite imminent. Her vulva will also be engorging with blood making it look a bit swollen, her sides will be sinking in in front of her thurls (this is the smooth part of the pelvis) and there may be some mucous coming out from her vulva. She’ll get fidgety and start looking for a place to calve. When her udder is full, she’s about 3-7 days from calving. However some cows or heifers won’t show any freshening until the day they are about to calve; still others may have a full bag for weeks before they drop a calf. When her sides sink in, she’s around 1-3 days from calving. When there is discharge from her vulva being the clear, non-sticky, stringy stuff, she’s usually less than a day away from calving. However if the discharge is more sticky and thick, this is just the mucus plug being removed, which occurs about a week or so before calving. When you see that water bag, which is a yellowish sac hanging down from her vulva, it’s pretty obvious she’s in labor and it’s just a matter of minutes before the feet and head of the calf begin to show.

The annoying thing about heifers is that you just never know when she’s going to “pop.” She could be showing all the signs that she’s any day from dropping a calf and not do anything for two or three solid weeks! Or it would be the exact opposite: she’ll show absolutely no signs but all of a sudden there’s a calf on the ground that she’s making it obvious it is hers. A lot of cows may be the same way, so it’s always best to be prepared for the unexpected.

How does a cow give birth anyway?

As mentioned above, the initial signs are her pacing around and being quite fidgety. A lot of cows will get themselves away from the herd and look for a private place to give birth in peace. She’ll be acting quite uncomfortable, laying down then getting up, then laying down again after a few minutes before getting up again. Suddenly she’ll just up and stop what she’s doing and look like she’s straining to urinate or defecate, but it’s most likely she’s feeling the uterine contractions coming on more stronger than ever. You will see a thick mucus discharge from her vulva, soon followed by the water sac. The uterine muscular contractions are responsible for the birthing process, as well as gravity itself. Muscular contractions come and go once every 5 to 10 seconds, especially when she’s in her second stage of labour–which involves pushing out the calf.

Soon after the water sac appears you should be able to see feet sticking out. The feet will have yellowish tips to them, which is totally normal for a birthing calf. They should have the bottoms pointing downwards, indicating that the calf is coming front first–which is the correct way for a calf to be born. You should also see that both feet are coming out; if there’s just one you might want to consider assisting the cow as soon as possible. Soon after the fore feet and the first part of the legs show, the nose, muzzle and head soon follow, followed by the shoulders. After the shoulders the rest pop out easily. However trouble can still arise at this point if the calf’s hips get locked in the cow’s pelvis. If the hips don’t get locked, before you know it you’ll have a new baby calf on the ground. Congratulations!!

What do I need to do to prepare for calving?

Now that you have some idea of how a cow gives birth, it’s time for you to know what should–and shouldn’t–be done in preparation before, during and after a cow calves.

It really all depends on what breed your cows are and what time of year they are calving. If you have cows calving during the winter months where snow and cold are a regular item, you will need to have some form of shelter in the form of a calving barn and a shed or two–more if you’ve got over 10 head of cows to calve out–to provide a place for the newborn calves to go to to keep warm. A thick bed of straw will also help immensely here as well. With that you will need to purchase enough straw bales to last you the calving season, if not the whole winter period. A calving barn is ideal because it not only takes the cows and to-be-born or just-born calves out of the cold, but you as well, especially if you have to assist a birthing cow.

If you are not calving in the middle of winter, but in more warmer months, you won’t need the straw, but you will need some shelter, natural or otherwise, for cows to hide in to give birth in privacy and peace, and to get out of the hot sun. Ideally a clean pasture for them to calve on should be considered as well, and subsequent pastures to rotate and separate the pregnant cows from the new mothers their babies, or to place the new pairs in a fresh pasture.

Keep your large-animal veterinarian’s phone number on speed-dial if you run into any problems that you cannot fix yourself. Keep a calving kit available for emergencies. Your veterinarian can give you a list of supplies to buy for your calving kit, but they should include the following:

  • Calving chains with handles
  • Obstetrical shoulder-length gloves
  • Disposable latex gloves that fits your hands
  • A bottle of oxytocin
  • A calf-puller, winch is best (use with caution though)
  • Birthing/Artificial insemination lubricant
  • Syringes of varying volume
  • Needles ranging from 14 to 18 gauge and length from 1 to 2 inches long.
  • Halter and lead-rope
  • 20-ft length of rope, be it a lariat or softer nylon/cotton rope

You will find that either a head-gate, a medina gate or a calving facility may help immensely if you have a cow that is having trouble giving birth. Note that this list is only for those cases where a cow is definitely having problems calving, not to be used on every cow all the time.

What should I do if my cow is giving birth?

The simple answer to this question is nothing. Let the cow do her thing and only interfere if she hasn’t progressed in her labouring efforts after a couple of hours. This is very important and a crucial thing if you have beef cows that are naturally inclined to calve out on their own without any human assistance. Not so much for many dairy cows, however if you have put the proper bull on her you shouldn’t have any problems either.

When you jump in to assist should be when she is trying to get the calf out of her and is not making any progress. If you have no idea what to do, phone your veterinarian as soon as possible. Don’t be ashamed of getting your vet out of bed, because the life and health of your animal is more important than your or your vet’s sleep!! Then the life-or-death decision can be made on how to get the calf out as quickly and efficiently as possible in order to preferably save both mom and baby.

Problems that arise from calving range from the head turned back, a leg turned back to a breach (tail-first) birth. The calf may be much too big to fit through the birth canal as well. If that happens, a surgical method called Cesarean section is performed to get the calf out quickly and save the cow (or heifer) as well.

If everything comes along normally, then there’s nothing to worry about. A lot of the time it’s just best to not interfere and let the cow do what she was made to do, from the onset of labour to the time she’s raising the calf.



Source by Karin L.

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Pastor Anniversary Scriptures and Themes

Creating a pastor anniversary theme can be intimidating, overwhelming and sometimes over thought. Selecting a theme for your pastor is nothing more than creating a sentence based on the direction or progression of his ministry. The theme should also have some type of deep meaning in some cases, with a clever underlining thought.

First, let’s discuss where to get theme ideas from that will help you create the theme for your pastor’s anniversary. Firstly, I always look in the Holy Bible as there are countless examples of themes for a pastor. The idea is to pick a scripture that has a word of encouragement and direction from God. Not every scripture is the same and not every scripture communicates the message that is needed to convey the overall thought of the message.

Here is a list of scriptures that directly speak about honoring your pastor:

  • Jeremiah 3:15– And I will give you pastors according to mine heart, which shall feed you with knowledge and understanding.
  • Ephesians 4:11– And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers; For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ
  • I Thessalonians 5:12-13– And we beseech you, brethren, to know them which labor among you, and are over you in the Lord, and admonish you; And to esteem them very highly in love for their work’s sake. And be at peace among yourselves.
  • I Timothy 5:17– Let the elders that rule well be counted worthy of double honor, especially they who labor in the word and doctrine.
  • Hebrews 13:17– Obey them that have the rule over you, and submit yourselves: for they watch for your souls, as they that must give account, that they may do it with joy, and not with grief: for that is unprofitable for you.

Using the wording within the scripture you can create topics or themes that will be more than appropriate for celebrating your pastor’s anniversary.

Here is a List of example pastor anniversary & pastor appreciation themes that was created using the wording in the scriptures.

  • Jeremiah 3:15– Honoring Our Pastor’s Spiritual Knowledge and Earthly Understanding.
  • Ephesians 4:11– Perfecting the Saints for the Work of the Ministry.
  • I Thessalonians 5:12-13 – Celebrating the Laborer that Dwells Among Us.
  • I Timothy 5:17-Giving Our Pastor Double Honor for His Labor in the Word.
  • Hebrews 13:17– Recognizing the Leadership that Watches Over Our Souls.

With just a little creative thinking you can create a theme for your pastor’s appreciation service, day or month. There are other ways to come up with a theme, you can use titles from: songs, books, movies, scriptures or even famous quotes by legendary people. There are many ways to create the perfect theme for your pastor you just have to be creative and put a little work into it.

Here is a list of example pastor anniversary & pastor appreciation themes that was created using songs, books, movies, scriptures and even quotes.

  • Spiritual Guidance That Propels Us Forward
  • The Audacity of Faithful Leadership
  • Sacred Teaching for Earthly Living
  • Divine Council for the Multitude of People
  • Celebrating God’s Man for His People
  • Celebrating God’s Woman for His People
  • Shaping Lives to be Good Stewards
  • God’s Chosen Vessel for His Purpose and Direction
  • A Spiritual Briefing for the People of God
  • The Gift of Giving For No Recompense
  • Appreciating the Giver of Spiritual Knowledge
  • Illustrating Holy Living Through Precept and Example
  • Celebrating Victory in God’s Holy Word
  • Great Is Thy Faithfulness

As you prepare your celebration activities and appreciate your pastor takes some time to really seek out the right message for the overall theme. The members of your church will be delighted to help find a scriptures that corresponds to the message.



Source by Titus T Garard

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12 National Holidays in Malaysia – What Are Malaysia Public Holidays and Special Occasions?

Malaysia is always being seen as the country that has the most number of public holidays. In fact, there are only total 13 days of national holidays compared to Thailand which has total of 14 days.

Below are the national holidays in Malaysia: –

1 – New Year Day

New Year Day is the first day of the year. It is a public holiday for all states except Johor, Kedah, Kelantan, Perlis & Terengganu.

2 – Chinese New Year

Chinese New Year is the major and longest celebration of the Chinese, also known as the “spring festival”. The celebration normally falls between the month of January and February.

3 – Prophet Muhammad’s Birthday

Prophet Muhammad birthday is being celebrated in the month of February. Prophet Muhammad is a respectable icon in the Muslims society. However, some Muslims do not approve of celebrating the birthday, and regard doing so as a religious innovation.

4 – Labor Day

Labor Day also known as Hari Buruh is celebrated every 1st May. This day is celebrated as a day of commemoration and appreciation of labors, workers and the unions.

5 – Wesak Day

Wesak Day or Buddha birthday is normally celebrated in the month of May by the Buddhists. The celebration is meant to bring happiness and joy to the less unfortunate. Also, the devotees are served with vegetarian food in the temple.

6 – Yang di-Pertuan Agong Birthday

Yang di-Pertuan Agong birthday is celebrated on the first Saturday of June. In Malaysia, Yang di-Pertuan Agong refers to King. As part of the celebration, the King honors titles to the outstanding members of the public.

7 – National Day

National Day also known as “Hari Merdeka” or “Independence Day” celebrated annually on August 31st. National Day is the celebration of free from the colonization of the British. As part of the celebration, there will be a parade and performances from various organizations.

8 – Hari Raya Puasa

Hari Raya Puasa is the festival of “Forget and Forgive” celebrated by the Muslims. On the first day, the Muslims will put on new clothes and pray in the mosque as well as visiting the grave of the relatives. Then, there will be “open house” serving all kinds of delicacies to the guests.

9 – Deepavali

Deepavali is the “Festival of Light” celebrated between the month of October and November by the Hindus. As a new start, they perform the oil bathing rituals to wash away sins and bad luck of the past year. This is a National holiday except in Labuan and Sarawak.

10 – Hari Raya Haji

Hari Raya Haji is one of the important celebration of the Muslims as a remembrance of willingness of Ibrahim to sacrifice his son as an obedience to God. On this day, domestic animals such as cow or goat will be sacrifice by each family. The meat will divide equally to the family, relatives or friends and the poor.

11 – Awal Muharram

Awal Muharram also known as Ma’al Hijrah marks the beginning of new year in the Islamic calendar. This is the time where Prophet Muhammad and the Muslims migrated to the city, Madina.

12 – Christmas

Christmas is the birth of Christ, celebrated by the Christians annually on December 25th. On the Christmas eve, the Christians dress up in their new clothes for the midnight service. On the Christmas day, is time for the family members to gather around. There would be a feast and also gift exchange from friends.

Holidays in Malaysia can be confusing at times some National holidays only applied in certain states and also, the dates of each holiday is not fixed. It might be vary.



Source by CN Pong

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The Forced Labor and Tribute of the Filipinos During Spanish Period

During the Spanish regime, all male Filipinos from 18 to 60 years of age were required to give their free labor, called polo, to the government. This labor was for 40 days a year, reduced to 15 days in 1884. It was in various forms, such as building roads and bridges, constructing public buildings and churches, cutting timber in the forest, working in shipyards, and serving the Spanish military expeditions. One who rendered forced labor was called a polista.

The members of the principalia (town aristocracy) were exempt from the polo. Rich Filipinos annually paid the falla, a sum amounting to seven pesos, in order to be exempt from forced labor. The local officials (former and incumbent gobernadorcillos, cabezas de barangay, etc.) and schoolteachers were also exempted by law from the polio because of their services to the state.

Evidently, only the poor Filipinos who had no social or political standing in the community were made to give forced labor. This practice greatly contributed to the widespread Filipino aversion to physical labor, which has only recently been overcome by attractive wages overseas.

The conditions for forced labor were (1) that it should be used only for necessary public works and constructions intended to improve the community; (2) that the workers were to be paid in full for their work; (3) that the alcaldes mayor should consider the physical condition of each laborer, that is, the weak should not be overworked; (4) that the laborers should not be sent to work in distant lands; (5) that the giving of service should be timed so as not to interfere with the planting or harvest seasons.

All this was good only on paper, however; the laws of forced labor were often violated. Laborers were seldom paid their wages. They were separated from their families by being made to work in distant areas. They were not given food, as required by law; they had to provide their own food instead. Moreover, they were shamefully overworked, and thousands of Filipino laborers died at the worksites as a result.

The Filipino Tribute to the Colonial Government

In order to get enough money to pay for the administration of the country and the construction of churches, government buildings, roads and bridges, and improvements in transportation and communication, the Filipinos were compelled to pay tribute called tributo, to the colonial government. The tributo was imposed as a sign of the Filipinos’ loyalty to the king of Spain. Those who paid tribute were individuals above sixteen years old and below sixty. At the start, a tribute amounting to eight reales was collected. The tribute increased in 1598 and a small part of it, called sanctorum, went to the church. Because of the widespread opposition to the tribute and to the abuses in its collection, the king abolished it in 1884. The cedula personal, the equivalent of which is the present residence certificate, was introduced in its place.

Aside from the tribute, the Filipinos also paid other taxes. There were the diezmos prediales, the donativo de Zamboanga, and the vinta. The diezmos prediales was a tax consisting of one-tenth of the produce of one’s land. The donativo de Zamboanga, introduced in 1635, was taxed specifically used for the conquest of Jolo. The vinta was tax paid by people in the provinces along the coast of Western Luzon to defend the area against Muslim pirates common at the time, as can still be seen from the surviving towers of stone (where bells were rung to warn the locality when Muslim pirates arrived).



Source by Harold Hisona

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The Moon’s Effect on Natural Childbirth

Did you know that some maternity units actually have more staff available during periods of full moon?

I’ve always been fascinated by the moon’s effect on nature, so when a friend’s wife conveyed to me what her midwife had told her during the birth of their daughter, I decided to find out more about childbirth, full moon and a possible link.

On speaking to various medical staff involved in natural childbirth, the first thing I learned was that expectant mothers often experience false signs of labor during full moon.

Contractions known as “Braxton Hicks” — sometimes noticeable to the mother and sometimes not — become more pronounced and many travel to the maternity unit in the belief that “it’s time”. Disappointed — or perhaps relieved — they return home, the pains having subsided and with no dilation of the cervix.

While these expectant mothers visiting the clinic with their mistaken signs of labor are part of the reason why extra staff are needed, the major difference is found in the number of women whose amniotic sac — the water — breaks.

Just as some women experience false labor pains, in cases where the water breaking marks the start of childbirth, full moon is the time when it’s most likely to happen.

In order to discover for myself whether this could be true, I asked several female friends how their births had started. Those who responded with “the water breaking” were then asked the date of the birth. On checking this against a moon phase chart, I discovered that almost all had given birth on, or very close to, a full moon.

The theory is that the moon’s gravitational pull effects the amniotic fluid in much the same way as it effects the water in the sea, rivers and even the water that’s otherwise found in our bodies.

As a woman’s body prepares for natural childbirth, the amniotic sac becomes distended so the point where it will easily burst if put under pressure. Under normal circumstances, the pressure of labor contractions bursts the sac. During a full moon, the pressure caused by the moon’s effect on the water inside the sac can cause the same things to happen, but without the accompanying contractions.

When this happens, natural childbirth doesn’t always move forward and with no other signs of labor present, the obstetrician may decide to induce the birth. During my own study of this phenomenon I found that of 8 women whose births started with the water breaking at full moon, 5 of them had no accompanying contractions.

A coincidence? Perhaps. But surely midwives wouldn’t prepare themselves for an increase in natural childbirth activity if there wasn’t some truth in this?

One midwife told me that when it comes to planning childbirth, full moons should always be looked for around the time of the expected delivery. If there’s one within a few days either side, the chances are your baby will be born on that day.



Source by Kris Evans

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